PwC Launches 2012 Outlook for Global Power Deal Activity
A major shift in global power M&A is taking place, ending a six year-long era of European dominance in power deals. The power deal world is heading in new and different directions that will lessen the impact of the eurozone crisis on deal totals, according to PwC’s annual Power Deals report.
The eurozone crisis is having a double-edged effect on deals. On the one hand it is constraining finance while on the other it’s expected to lead to deal flow. It’s prompting a flow of privatisations as governments sell power assets as part of their austerity measures. It is also leading to further currency weakness, strengthening the hand of overseas buyers.
Asia Pacific buyers and sellers were behind the largest number of deals in 2011 and any softening of valuations in Europe will likely reinforce their deal interest in the European marketplace, as well as the strength of the yen and renminbi against the euro.
Manfred Wiegand, global power and utilities leader, PwC, said: “It’s a different M&A world that is less euro-centric. European companies are looking to South America and other growth markets. Asia Pacific buyers are busy in Europe.
“The US deal flow is compelling and has further to go if current deals get the regulatory green light. There are plenty of reasons to expect deal flow to continue unless the current crisis has a worldwide recessionary effect.”
In the last 12 months, Europe has recorded its lowest share of worldwide power deal value since PwC started analysing deal-making in the sector in 1999, with the total deal value in Europe plummeting 43% year-on-year to stand at US$39.8bn (from US$70.3bn the year before). However, this US$30.5bn fall in power deal target value in Europe was more than made up for by a US$58.5bn increase in North America.
US power M&A is being fuelled by the need for scale among the big power utility companies and gas pipeline companies. New sources of shale gas are creating capital investment challenges as well as growth opportunities for gas pipeline operators, spurring deals among companies. Big gas pipeline deals accounted for US$47.3bn of the recent US$58.5bn year on year rise in North American power deal value.
A strong theme which is expected to intensify this year is European divestment programmes. The major European power utilities need to strengthen their balance sheets to make the big investments required in their core markets while retaining the flexibility to seek out growth markets. Eon and RWE are both planning major divestments in 2012.
The capital expenditure and growth challenges faced by European power utility companies are all the greater because of current constrained debt markets and more limited financing options.
In a background analysis for the report, PwC looked at the leading European power utility companies and found that on the debt side, issuances have declined from 75.6bn euros in 2009 to 14.6bn euros in 2011 as debt markets contracted.
In addition, across the whole European utilities sector, 15 groups have suffered downgrades in 2011 and 30% are on negative watch or facing downgrade reviews.
This reduction in capital- raising options will continue to spur divestments by the major European power utilities.
Andrew McCrosson, partner, UK power and utilities, PwC, said: “European power utilities face a tricky balance. The issue of affordability of future energy prices is likely to see a shift to the utilities bearing more of the future cost of investment. At the same time their funding options are less flexible than in the past.
“We’re going to see some interesting new partnerships in the years ahead as companies intensify their relationships with alternative sources of funding. It will mean a step-up in partnerships with sovereign wealth funds, pension funds and infrastructure funds. The Chinese state-owned power companies could play a role as well as other active Asia Pacific investors.”