IOSCO Consults on Principles of Liquidity Risk Management for Collective Investment Schemes
The Technical Committee of the International Organization of Securities Commissions has published the consultation report Principles of Liquidity Risk Management for Collective Investment Schemes, which outlines a set of principles against which both the industry and regulators can assess the quality of regulation and industry practices relating to liquidity risk management for collective investment schemes (CIS).
Since the outbreak of the global financial crisis, the issue of liquidity has been a major concern for regulators, although the discussions on regulatory reform have focused more on the importance of liquidity in the banking sector rather than in other sectors. However, the asset management sector has specificities to be kept in mind when setting policy recommendations.
Good liquidity risk management is a key feature of the correct operation of a CIS, as the right to redeem
units/shares is a defining characteristic of open-ended schemes. Liquidity risk management is complex and a CIS may experience liquidity issues as, for example, when the market in which it is invested closes unexpectedly. However, asset managers have regulatory and practical tools to manage liquidity both on the asset side and on the investor side.
In exceptional circumstances, a liquidity issue could lead to a CIS temporarily suspending all investor redemptions. IOSCO recently published the report Principles on Suspensions of Redemptions in Collective Investment Schemes addressing this issue.
The fundamental requirement of liquidity risk management is to ensure that the degree of liquidity that the open-ended CIS manages allows it in general to meet redemption obligations and other liabilities. The principles of liquidity risk management provide details on how compliance with this requirement can be achieved.
Generally, these principles aim to reflect a level of common approach and to be a practical guide for regulators and industry practitioners. Implementation of the principles may vary from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, depending on local circumstances and legal and regulatory structures.
The principles of liquidity risk management for CIS are divided into two groups related to the life span
of a CIS: the pre-launch and the day-to-day liquidity risk management. They include the following:
The responsible entity should draw up an effective liquidity risk management process, compliant with
local jurisdictional liquidity requirements
The responsible entity should set appropriate liquidity limits which are proportionate to the redemption
obligations and liabilities of the CIS
The responsible entity should carefully determine a suitable dealing frequency for units in the CIS
Where permissible and appropriate for a particular CIS, and in the interests of investors, the responsible
entity should include the ability to use specific tools or exceptional measures which could affect
redemption rights in the CIS’s constitutional documents
The responsible entity should consider liquidity aspects related to its proposed distribution channels
The responsible entity should ensure that it will have access to, or can effectively estimate, relevant
information for liquidity management
The responsible entity should ensure that liquidity risk and its liquidity risk management process are
effectively disclosed to prospective investors
The responsible entity should effectively perform and maintain its liquidity risk management process
The responsible entity’s liquidity risk management process must be supported by strong and effective
The responsible entity should regularly assess the liquidity of the assets held in the portfolio
The responsible entity should integrate liquidity management in investment decisions
The liquidity risk management process should facilitate the ability of the responsible entity to identify
an emerging liquidity shortage before it occurs
The responsible entity should be able to incorporate relevant data and factors into its liquidity risk
management process in order to create a robust and holistic view of the possible risks
The responsible entity should conduct assessments of liquidity in different scenarios, including stressed
The responsible entity should ensure appropriate records are kept, and relevant disclosures made,
relating to the performance of its liquidity risk management process